Hosting Your Website

Though useful generally, this information is for those who are using a method other than Wix to construct their website.

Step 1 Find out if your domain name is available (www.whatever.com)

from Wikipedia:

Internet domain names are easier to remember than IP addresses such as 208.77.188.166 (IPv4) or 2001:db8:1f70::999:de8:7648:6e8 (IPv6). People take advantage of this when they recite meaningful URLs and e-mail addresses without having to know how the machine will actually locate them.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Domain_Name_System

The Domain Name System (DNS) is a hierarchical naming system for computers, services, or any resource participating in the Internet. It associates various information with the domain names assigned to each of the participants. Most importantly, it translates domain names meaningful to humans into the numerical (binary) identifiers associated with networking equipment for the purpose of locating and addressing these devices world-wide. An often used analogy to explain the Domain Name System is that it serves as the “phone book” for the Internet by translating human-friendly computer hostnames into IP addresses. For example, www.example.com translates to 208.77.188.166.

If you want to serve your website on a more personalized address than the one your ISP gives you (and you do), you will need to purchase a domain name.

If you buy a domain name, spend the extra$5 for “privacy protection”

Then, the company you buy the domain name from will insert information about the company, and not your personal information.

(I now demonstrate the creepy, stalkery, downside to not choosing privacy protection.)

http://www.himynameisholly.com/

http://www.dnsstuff.com/

scottmansfieldais

Step 2: Find a company to host your website.  (The best deal is gotten usually by buying both the domain name and the hosting in a package deal)

Note: Many Companies will offer a reduced rate if you register a domain name with them.

Note: Many companies will offer reduced rates if you buy a year up front.

Questions to ask:

1: How many megabytes of storage? limitless is best.

2: How many email addresses / alias’ are you allowed?

3: What is the transfer rate (how fast are their servers)?

4: Do they have technical phone support or is it just email based? Can I get ahold of a human?

5: Will they give you info on how to transfer your domain to their servers?

6: Will your site be hosted by a static IP (web address)?

7: Do they allow sub-domains (subdomain.mysite.com)?

8: Do they allow multiple users (this is associated with site access privileges)?

9: What plug-ins do they offer (CGI, PHP, SSL, mySQL, front page, etc…)?

10: Will they display banners, pop-ups or sell your email address to SPAM lists?

11: Is there an account set-up fee?

Key traits:

a. Reputation

1.  google the “Name of Host” <space? sucks” to see how community regards that webhost’s service.

2. Check webdesign forums for feedback on a specific webhost.

b.  Look for Unlimited storage

c.  Look for Unlimited bandwidth

d. You want your server to be on the east or west coast- big backbone connections, faster retrieval.

e. Look for hotlink protections – folks can’t reference your image and use your bandwidth.

TLD top level domain.  .net, .com –these tlds can get privacy protection.

Recommended Hosts:

lunarpages.com This site is hosted on lunarpages. I have good things to say about them.

1and1.com

Not Recommended Hosts:

Dreamhost-

Godaddy

Step 4                   (if you have purchase domain name and hosting separately)     Transfer your Domain name to your Web Host

Note: If you are hosting at your ISP and they have registered the domain name for you, skip this step.

This step is typically done with an online form and you will need two sets of information in order to complete this step.

For example, if you registered a Domain with Network Solutions and you were going to transfer it to Qwest, you would need:

Bulk URL Wave Networks

DNS 1:                                    NS1.HITFARM.COM                 NS1.WAVENETWORKS.NET

DNS 2:                                    NS2.HITFARM.COM            NS2.WAVENETWORKS.NET

If you do not have this information readily available, you can locate it at WHOIS:

http://www.netsol.com/cgi-bin/whois/whois

Step 5                        Upload the web site files to your server via FTP (File Transfer Protocol)

We’ll be using iWeb, which has FTP built in.

In addition we’ll use Fetch, listed below. But there are other programs that transfer files from local drives to remote servers.

Some commonly used FTP programs are:

PC:            Cute FTP

http://www.cuteftp.com/

Bulletproof FTP

http://www.bpftp.com/

WS FTP

http://www.ipswitch.com/

Leap

http://www.leapware.com/leapftp.html

Mac: Fetch

http://www.fetchsoftworks.com

Most companies have trial versions of their software for download.

Filezilla is free for both mac and pc.

The following information will be provided to you by your web host and will be requested by the FTP program in order to make a connection to your web server. Your webhost will email you this information.

We need three pieces of information to begin publishing:

1. Your Domain name           joseysmith.com

2. User Name                         iris33

3. Password                           ******

iWeb has FTP built in. We will use iWeb to put your site to your server. Unless we can’t. And then we’ll use Fetch. or Filezilla. We have options.

Your assignment is to go Shopping!
Buy a domain name and hosting before class next week. (5 pts)

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